|Arielle composed the sentiment expressed on
her own ... click "play" to hear her words.
(Click here if player image is missing.)
If, after hearing her speech, you are unsure of
what Arielle said, the transcription and explanation
appear in a yellow box near the bottom of this page.
|Arielle said, "He loves me."
Her words are not taught because she is female and because her owner would not refer to her as "he." This an
example of a macaw using words in an appropriate fashion. Importantly, she expresses a concept of self when she
freely refers to herself as "me." Arielle has a "Theory of Mind;" she is one of the few nonhuman animals exhibiting
consciousness through speech. Note than in addition to the other complexities, she has correctly adjusted the verb
form to match the subject "he."
If one contends that Arielle does not understand what she says, then how does one explain her statement?
|Arielle understands speech and speaks thoughtfully using English
words, phrases, and sentences.
|Pictures from PINAWOR
|Below are two pictures from the book Another Kind of Mind
|Arielle's First Egg
(January 2012, Arielle ~20+ yrs.)